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一招搞定托福閱讀句子插入題,這份高分技巧收好了!

2020-11-17 11:12:11 編輯:無 瀏覽:(691次)

一招搞定托福閱讀句子插入題,這份高分技巧收好了!托福閱讀分數卡在18分左右的學生,通常有一定的閱讀基礎,不會受限于詞匯、語法或者長難句等問題。但是該階段的學生普遍缺少一些正確的閱讀方法,答題過程中不清楚題目的重點和要求,做題質量不高。這個瓶頸期一定要熟練掌握各類重點題型的解題技巧,比如句子插入題等,并且相應提升各類題型背后所考察的閱讀能力,而不是盲目進行刷題,走量而不走心。

  托福閱讀高分技巧

  句子插入題考察前后句間關系的判斷,該類考題的給出句含有表示指代、并列或者轉折等邏輯關系詞。學生在答題過程中,可以參考以下講解的解題步驟,減少錯選迷惑選項的情況。

  1)首先,通過給出句來找出邏輯線索,比如“this”、“also”或者“however”等,通過信號詞來確定該題考察的邏輯類型。句子插入題考察的邏輯關系包括指代邏輯、轉折邏輯、并列邏輯、舉例邏輯、因果邏輯及多邏輯組合。

  2)在找出邏輯線索之后,千萬不要著急回到原文段落進行定位,而是先精讀給出句,根據句意來提前預判前后句的內容。

  3)接著,我們回到原文進行定位,核對四個小方塊前后的內容是否符合我們的預判,選擇符合條件的位置。

  4)最后,將給出句代入進行檢驗,順讀來判斷前后句的銜接是否符合邏輯,既要“承上”也要“啟下”,最終確定答案。

一招搞定托福閱讀句子插入題,這份高分技巧收好了!

  真題解題思路范例

  以下是真題 Earth’s Atmosphere中的句子插入題,我們來具體運用以上所講解的解題思路來解答該類題型。

  Earth’s Atmosphere

Along with the buildup of molecular oxygen (O2) came an eventual increase in ozone (O3) levels in the atmosphere. [■] Because ozone filters out harmful ultraviolet radiation, this made it possible for life to flourish in shallow water and finally on land. [■] This critical state in the evolution of the atmosphere was reached between 1100 and 542 million years ago. [■] Interestingly, the fossil record shows an explosion of life forms 542 million years ago. [■]

  Look at the four squares [■] that indicate where the following sentence could be added to the passage.

  The timing strongly suggests that atmospheric changes were responsible for this sudden increase in new life.

  Where would the sentence best fit?

  解題思路

  首先,The timing strongly suggests that atmospheric changes were responsible for this sudden increase in new life. 其中出現線索 “the timing”、“this sudden increase in new life”等指代前文內容,屬于句子插入題的“指代邏輯”類型。

  精讀給出句,根據句意“這個時間強烈暗示了新生命的激增是因為大氣變化”,我們可以預判前文要出現時間、新生命的急劇增長以及大氣變化等內容。

  接著,我們回到原文進行定位并核對四個方塊位置。選項A前面出現 “the buildup of molecular oxygen”、“an eventual increase in ozone (O3) levels”,屬于“atmospheric changes”的同義替換。選項A前沒有出現關于時間及新生命的急劇增長等指代內容,不符合預判,排除選項A。選項B前同樣沒有出現關于時間的指代內容,排除B。注意選項B前的“ this made it possible for life to flourish” 中,動詞flourish 表示to grow or develop successfully,并不等同于急劇增長。選項C前出現時間“between 1100 and 542 million years ago ”,但卻沒有出現關于新生命的急劇增長,繼續排除C。選項D前出現時間“542 million years ago”、新生命的急劇增長“an explosion of life forms” ,再加上前文出現的大氣變化,符合我們對給出句前文的所有預判。

  最后,將給出句代入進行檢驗,前后銜接符合邏輯,正確答案選D。

  真題訓練

  除了指代邏輯,句子插入題還考察其他很多邏輯關系,包括轉折、因果等,下面給出另外一道真題,同學們可以按照以上講解的思維方法,嘗試進行答題,并思考該題所考察的邏輯關系。

  Early monies were simple snippets of action—acrobats tumbling, horse running, jugglers juggling, and so on. Eventually, the novelty wore off and films became less of an attraction. Public interest was soon rekindled when early filmmakers discovered that movies could be used to tell story.  [■] In France, Alice Guy-Blachè produced The Cabbage Fairy, a one-minute film about a fairy who produces children in a Cabbage patch, and exhibited it at the Paris International Exhibition in 1896. [■] Guy-Blachè went on to found her own studio in America. [■] Better known is the work of a fellow French filmmaker and magician, Georges Méliès. [■] In 1902 Méliès produced a science-fiction film that was the great-great-grandfather of Star Wars and Star Trek; it was called A Trip to the Moon.

  13. Look at the four squares [■] that indicate where the following sentence could be added to the passage.

  Although she directed hundreds of short films and produced hundreds more over the course of her career, she has largely been forgotten.

  Where would the sentence best fit?

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