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托福閱讀看懂了還選不對答案?

2020-11-17 10:49:44 編輯:無 瀏覽:(768次)

 托福閱讀看懂了還選不對答案,很多同學都羨慕別人托福成績單里的閱讀滿分。

  是的,你或許聽過很多做題方法,刷了不少TPO,翻來覆去也背過好幾遍的紅寶書,可是…..

  高分永遠是別人的,你什么都沒有!

  想想,你學了那么多,你有沒有搞清楚作者說的是什么,他想怎么考你呢?

  每次錯了題,你畫了一個大大的紅叉叉,心里默念了聲:if you so…

  好吧,既然答案要這么說,那就這么理解吧。

  做完題感覺自己明白了答案,但又說不清自己錯在點,更甭提以后如何避免錯誤。當然,你的分數只就只能靠感覺,用差不多的努力換一個差不多分數,最后換來一個跟目標差很多的結局….

  今天,就以一道題示范,托福閱讀出題本質是什么。我們做閱讀時,到底應該考慮哪些。

托福閱讀看懂了還選不對答案

  1

  例題:

As he collected fossils from strata throughout England, Smith began to see that the fossils told a different story from the rocks. Particularly in the younger strata, the rocks were often so similar that he had trouble distinguishing the strata, but he never had trouble telling the fossils apart. While rock between two consistent strata might in one place be shale and in another sandstone, the fossils in that shale or sandstone were always the same. Some fossils endured through so many millions of years that they appear in many strata, but others occur only in a few strata, and a few species had their births and extinctions within one particular stratum. Fossils are thus identifying markers for particular periods in Earth's history.

  According to paragraph 4, it was difficult for Smith to distinguish rock strata because

  ○the rocks from different strata closely resembled each other

  ○he was often unable to find fossils in the younger rock strata

  ○their similarity to each other made it difficult for him to distinguish one rock type from another

  ○the type of rock between two consistent strata was always the same

  很多同學可以很喜悅的開啟這道題:題目讀完后,en,確定是熟悉的事實信息題(細節題),就麻溜溜去定位。

  由題目中的distinguish rock strate定位原文到「The rocks were often so similar that he had trouble distinguishing the strata, but he never had trouble telling the fossils apart.」

  簡直不要再友好了嘛,定位詞木有改寫,直接出現在定位句中。恰好,這句話說..相似讓他難以區分巖石層。

  沒什么可猶豫的,答案C中就正好有similarity, 所以C肯定是正確答案。這么快就能把答案做出來,感覺自己棒棒噠!

  可是……

  正確答案是A,心涼了。

  2

  很多同學不服,覺得找不出C選項任何毛病。到底問題出在哪呢?下面,來揭秘。

  首先,這是一道因果考點的事實信息題,所以我們帶著題目要求閱讀定位句時,一定要仔細關注因果話題。

  定位句是「The rocks were often so similar that he had trouble distinguishing the strata, but he never had trouble telling the fossils apart.」沒錯,這句話中的so…that…因果關系一定不要讀漏掉。考點確定之后,仔細閱讀因果話題是指rocks were similar ?? he had trouble distinguishing the strata.

  仔細分析C選項,their similar指的是誰呢?選項和題干是CP,所以選項指代對象從題干中確定,自然their指代的是Rock strata, 所以C選項指Rock strate’s similarity?而非rocks’ similarity。在這里,正確答案A討論對象就是rock, 并且把similarity改寫成了resemble. 總結下,這道題的考點就是因果?指代。

  沒想到,ETS的陷阱就這么讓人猝不及防。

  怎么樣,是不是覺得難題也不是那么難,就差那么一點點就能選對?沒錯,托福高分并沒有很難,但需要系統學習。搞清楚了ETS考點后,你的選題思路會越來越清晰,學習也變得更高效了,還怕考不到28+…

  只學了這一題不過癮?來系統學習我們的托福閱讀課程吧,所有陰謀詭計通通打包,全部解鎖給你!

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