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托福閱讀技巧:詞匯題精講

2020-12-04 09:53:40 編輯:無 瀏覽:(687次)

 托福閱讀技巧:詞匯題精講,詞匯題是托福閱讀的必考題型,不夸張的說,閱讀要想拿高分,詞匯題一個也不能錯!下面我從455道真題中精心挑選了一些易錯詞匯,講解其記法,同義詞及同詞源單詞。背會這些詞閱讀就能穩穩拿分,還能在寫作中運用,一舉兩得哦!

  (注:SNY=同義詞)

  1.  Agency  n.

  四級:n 經辦,代理,代理處,專門行政部門

  托福:n 作用

  SYN:force/action/power

  搭配:by the agency of sth 在某物的作用下

  例題:Attack by scavengers and bacteria, chemical decay, and destruction by erosion and other geologic agencies make the odds against(賭輸的概率)preservation very high.

  A. combinations

  B. problems

  √forces

  D. changes

  翻譯:食腐動物和細菌的攻擊,化學腐爛以及侵蝕破壞和其他地質作用的破壞,使得保存化石的幾率很低。

托福閱讀技巧:詞匯題精講

  2. Advert&Inadvertent&Inadvertently

  Advert:

  1)n.廣告(非正式)

  2)v.引起注意,提及

  inadvertent:adj. 疏忽的,不注意的

  SYN:unintentional

  inadvertently:adv. 疏忽地,不故意地

  SYN:unintentionally

  記:in(否定)+ ad+vert(轉動)+ent :“不向他轉動“=不關注,無意的,疏忽的

  例題:Commensal associations sometimes involve one species' obtaining food that is inadvertently exposed by another.

  ○ indefensibly

  ○ substantially

  √ unintentionally

  ○ partially

  翻譯:共生關系有時涉及一個物種獲得的食物(這種食物被另一個物種無意中暴露了)。

  3.Suppress  vt.

  鎮壓,制止,壓制

  SYN:stop by force

  記:sup(向下)+press(壓):壓制

  例題:This then meant that the military had to remain to suppress rebellion and organize government.

  ○ respond to

  ○ warn against

  ○ avoid the impact of

  √ stop by force

  翻譯:那么這就意味著軍隊必須留下來鎮壓叛亂并組織政府。

  4.Exceedingly&Exceed

  Exceed:v. 超過,超越

  SYN:surpass

  exceedingly:adv. 非常地,極度地(程度)

  SYN:extremely/highly/badly

  例題:Spartina is an exceedingly competitive plant.

  A. unusually(不同尋常地)

  B. dangerously

  C. surprisingly(unusual or unexpected)

  √ highly

  翻譯:米草是一種非常有競爭力的植物。

  5.Consumption  n.

  消費,用量(the act of using or buying)

  SYN:utilization/expense

  例題:The produce was then transported by water to markets in the cities, where the consumption of fruit and vegetables was no longer restricted to the wealthy.

  ○ sale

  ○ storage

  ○ exportation

  √ utilization

  注意與sale 辨析:

  Sale:銷量,強調when you sell sth

  翻譯:然后農產品通過水運到城市的市場,在那里水果和蔬菜的用量不再局限于富人。

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