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雅思口語圈 |新題《完美的工作》不就完美匹配歷史話題《有趣的工作》么?

2021-01-18 10:33:17 編輯:無 瀏覽:(878次)

    2021年1-4月新題已經全部更新完了。從話題來看,我感受到了大家的不安,似乎今年的話題比往年的定語要增加了許多,同時也變態了很多。但在我看來,任何你所認為的難題都是因為你沒有看到話題的核心導致的,就拿《完美的工作》這道題來看。

  工作類的話題向來都是學生的難點話題,主要原因就是在于你本身缺乏工作的經驗,這也就導致你對工作沒有足夠的敏感度。但在我看來,不管你被問到的是《完美的工作》,還是《有趣的工作》亦或《祖輩工作》,《國外短期工作》,這些話題的思考點都在于你是否能夠拆分出有關“occupation”的角度。只要你先看到了和工作相關的角度,這些題就不再是你所認為的難題。

  工作的維度:

  Type 類型/ Position 職位/ Role 工作職責/ Salary 工資情況/ Number of Jobs 工作數量/ Working hours 工作時間/ Benefits 福利/ Status 地位/ Qualification 資歷/Popularity 受歡迎程度/ Colleagues 同事/ Employer 雇主/ Customers 顧客/ Work Requirements 工作要求

  History 歷史/ Work place 工作地點/ Work experience 工作經驗/ Prospects 前景/ Company 公司/ How long you have worked 工作多久/ How you know about it 怎么知道這份工作的

  Image

  有了以上的角度,我們便可開始思考如何將角度應用在話題之中。鑒于《完美的工作》和《有趣的工作》毫無兩樣,我將從我還未出版的書里拎出有關《有趣工作》的解析,我希望你可以通過此篇解析獨立的完成《完美的工作》。

  Describe an interesting job that you would like to have in the future

  You should say:

  What it is

  How you know about the job

  What people do in the job

  And explain why you think it is interesting

  《有趣的工作》應該算工作類話題中的難點話題了,它的難度主要體現在“Interesting”這個單詞上。大多數同學會情不自禁的被這個單詞綁架從而導致思維禁錮,接著就開始往各種稀奇古怪的職業上進行思考。

  回顧歷年的高頻回答,酒店試睡員、小龍蝦品嘗員、大堡礁守護者等都成為學生的不二選擇。雖然這些職業完全符合這道題目,但是它們會讓很多人誤以為只有這種聽起來有趣的職業才叫“Interesting job”。實則不然,任何一份工作都可以有自己的有趣之趣。最關鍵的是,不同人對同一份工作的認知是不同的,所以你不用刻意去迎合別人的想法,你要做的只是明確你覺得它有趣的點即可。為了讓大家走出思考的困境,我們從最后一問開始解題。

 雅思口語圈 |新題《完美的工作》不就完美匹配歷史話題《有趣的工作》么?

  01

  Why you think it is interesting

  有關“Interesting”類的話題,我們在人物類中就有涉及。雖然一個問的是有趣的職業,一個是有趣的人,但它們的思考方式還是一致的。“Interesting”可以理解為:“不同的、有吸引力的”。因為任何一份工作都可以有自己的吸睛點,所以我們可以從工作的角度出發來反推我們想要講的職業。

   Working hours 工作時間

  一般而言,我們會被規定工作時間,比如互聯網的工作模式“996”。那么如果有一份職業它脫離了工作時間的限制讓你重獲自由,你是否會喜歡這樣的工作并覺得它很有意思呢?比如:主播、微商等自由職業者。

  Example:Streamer 主播I think being a streamer is interesting as you choose your own hours. Unlike most jobs which have fixed working hours, it is really flexible. You can decide when you start and when you finish. That means you can get up at lunch time and start your work at midnight if you want to.

  You can decide to work for one hour or ten hours. It’s up to you. What is really handy 方便的 is that you can work your schedule around other things in your life. The freedom this job provides would really suit me.

  Work places 工作地點

  和工作時間一樣,我們的工作基本都有一個固定的工作場所,也就是所謂的“工位”。為了方便自己的工作節省路上的通勤時間,很多人都會選擇公司附近的住房。可一旦選擇換公司,你的房子也得跟著換,不然每天都會很累。那么如果一個工作實現了“地點自由”呢?比如:在線老師、職業旅行家等。

  Example:Online tutor 在線教師

  I think being an online tutor is an interesting job as it is very flexible and you can work remotely.  Unlike most jobs which ask you to commute everyday and work from an office, it is a home-based job. As long as you have quiet surroundings, you can work from anywhere. This flexibility allows you to spend more time with your family or to do things you enjoy. You can also work from any country, as long as you have a good internet connection.

  Customer 顧客

  不同的工作需要我們面對不同的顧客。有些顧客可能會讓我們覺得煩人,但有些則會讓我們覺得有趣,比如幼師、記者等。幼師需要每天面對小朋友,他們看似煩人但卻天真無邪。記者則需要和各行各業的人打交道、聽各種各樣的故事。

  Example one:Kindergarten Teacher 幼師

  Even though many people dislike working with children, I think being a kindergarten teacher would be amazing. Working with children can be fun and enjoyable.

  They see the world through different eyes. They are so innocent and say things as they see them. Working with children is far more rewarding than working with adults.

  Example two:Journalist 記者

  I think being a journalist would be a fascinating job, as you get to meet people from all walks of life 各行各業. You get to travel around the world breaking news stories as they happen and sharing them with the world. You also get to meet iconic people such as celebrities and world leaders.

  Role 角色

  “Role”應該是讓一個工作變得有趣的關鍵因素。不同工作關注不同的面,為此它們會有不同的興奮點。

  a. 個人閱歷提升,感受人間百態

  比如:投資人

  投資人是我自身非常感興趣的領域。它可以讓你接觸各個行業, 感受前沿科技,滿足你對世界的好奇;它也可以讓有潛力的公司得到更快的發展。

  Example:

  I think being an investor is an interesting job. Even though it is full of risks, you get to experience new products and ideas before they have been launched and you get to try cutting edge technology 前沿科技 before others. You don’t need to be an expert in a specific field as you learn about it as you go along.

  Also, being an investor means you can help promising companies develop, especially start-up companies 創業公司. For them, a good investor is key to starting off on the right foot.

  比如:演員

  演員不僅是表演,它也是對生活的體驗。這個職業可以讓你做很多生活里不能做的事。你實際是個內向的人,你可以在戲里感受歇斯底里;你可能是個性向正常的人,你可以在戲里變成一個同性戀去感受不同的人生。

  Example:

  Being an actor is an interesting career, because not only do you get to perform, you get to take on a whole new persona 人物角色. My friend who is an actor, he works very hard. Once he told me that even though it is very challenging bringing a character to life, it is very exciting to push boundaries 突破極限 in different roles.

  In his first film, he portrayed a repairman who was moody 情緒不定的 and aggressive. It was completely the opposite of his real personality, as he is an introverted person who tends to keep himself to himself 喜歡一個人呆著. In his latest film, he was cast as a homosexual. He said it was a very interesting  and eye-opening experience.

  b. 改變他人人生,美好他人生活

  比如:健身教練

  健身教練可以讓一個人擁有更完美的身材,同時也改變他們的性格。

  Example one:

I think being a fitness coach is an interesting job. Even though the older generation don’t recognize it as a proper job, I think it is very important. You can help change a person’s lifestyle and help them become healthier. I have a friend who is a fitness coach and he told me that he gets a great sense of achievement working with and training different people. He said watching the transformation is incredible. It is not only their body shape they change, it is their whole attitude towards life.

  比如:營養師

  營養師可以通過自己的專業能力調整一個人的飲食結構,吃的更健康的。

  Example two:

I think being a dietitian could be an interesting job, because you get to help people maintain a healthier lifestyle. It would be fascinating to learn more about nutrition and how different foods affect our body.

There are so many types of food which people are allergic to, so it would feel great being able to help. My aunt found out she was allergic to dairy products, so she changed her diet. She said it was the best thing she could have done as it has made such a difference to her overall wellbeing.

  比如:化妝師

  化妝師可以通過自己的技術讓一個人變得更美、更自信。同時,化妝師也可以把普通的化妝變成一個藝術品。

  Example three:

  I think being a make-up artist would be very interesting, because your job is to make people look beautiful. My best friend is a newly-qualified make-up artist and works for a famous studio. Everyday he helps over 30 people with their makeup.

They always leave feeling happy and confident. He also gets to work some pretty impressive shoots where the makeup is like a piece of art. It takes him hours to get the look but he said it is worth it every time.

  比如:職業理療師

  職業治療師則是用各種創意的方法來幫助有功能障礙的病人獲得獨立照顧自己的能力。

  Example:

  I think being an occupational therapist could be interesting. There is no denying that it’s a tough job, but it also brings enormous 巨大的 self-fulfillment, as it can help people to improve their quality of life. With the help of therapists, people can get better after an illness or injury.

  They can also help people with disabilities to become more independent. I think watching the progress of patients would be rewarding and would make up for all the hard work.

  c. 挑戰自我,讓夢想變成現實

  比如:產品經理

  產品經理是一個非常有意思的職業,它可以把你的夢想變成現實最終已產品的形式呈現在用戶眼前,而你的一個想法也會改變很多人的生活。

  Example:

  I think being a product manager could be an interesting job, as it allows you to turn your ideas into reality. For example, my friend is a product manager 產品經理 working for a big international company. He had an idea to get everybody moving and change their sedentary lifestyle.

  He created “WeRun” 微信運動, an add-on 附加組件 program for WeChat. It was a huge hit 成功的事/物 and changed many people’s lives. Nowadays people use it all over the country to monitor how many steps they take everyday. Can you imagine everyone in the country using an app you have designed?

  比如:軟件開發員

  如果說產品經理是造夢者的話,軟件開發員更多是一個執行者。即便如此,軟件開發依舊是一件有趣的事。因為你會經歷一個產品從無到有的過程,你也會從中感受到各種挑戰。

  Example:

I think being a software developer would be challenging but equally as interesting. As I like pushing boundaries and challenging myself, this would be a great job for me. I like the idea of working on the project from start to finish and learning about different technology throughout the process.

My cousin is a software developer working for Alibaba. He told me it is the best job in the world which allows him to create new software. In the past few years, he has participated in many projects, including Taobao, Alipay which have all been successful.

  Work Requirements 工作需求

  除了工作本身的內容會讓你覺得有趣以外,“工作需求”也有讓我們覺得有趣的點

  a. 參加各種社交活動

  比如:公關

  公關是我大學畢業以后的第一份職業。對于我而言,這份工作的有趣之處就在于它需要我參加各種各樣的活動,認識各行各業的人。

  Example:

I think being a PR officer would be an interesting job, as you get the chance to take part in various kinds of activities and events. Unlike other jobs where you sit in front of a screen all day, it allows you to visit different locations.

You get to attend interesting conferences and meet lots of influential people. On one hand, I think being a PR officer could be stressful. But on the other hand, I think it would be glamorous and entertaining.

  b.  經常性出差

  比如:海外銷售

  海外銷售經常性的被要求出差。很多人可能會厭煩與扮演“空中飛人”的角色,但常年穿梭于不同的國家地區也會讓你了解到不同的風土人情。

  Example:

  Even though I think being a salesperson would be draining 累的 and tiring, I also think it would be a very interesting job. You get to travel all around the world meeting lots of new people along the way.

My friend who is a senior salesman has been to over 30 countries in the last 5 years. He says he never gets bored and that everyday is different. He enjoys staying with fancy hotels and eating many different cuisine.

  Colleague 同事

  一份工作的有趣之處也有可能來自于和你一起工作的人。如果你的同事都是一群經驗或者都是一群腦洞很大的人,你會覺得這份工作有趣么?如果你的同事都是美女帥哥,你會覺得有趣么?如果你的同事都是演員,你會覺得有趣么?

  Example:Model agent 模特經紀人

  I think working for a model agency 模特經紀公司 would be interesting, because you would be surrounded by beautiful and handsome models all day long. I also think it would be fascinating to be around fashion.

You could learn so much about style just by watching what the models are wearing. It would probably motivate you to keep in shape too, because you would be around stunning people with amazing figures and that would just push you to work out more.

  02

  How you know about it

  參考于上一個話題《不想從事的工作》, 這道題的思考模式和之前的沒有太多出入,唯一的差異在于這個小問最后需要呈現出來積極的態度。

  Example one:Teacher 老師

Well, my grandpa was a math teacher and he taught in schools all his life. When I was young, he always told me how he liked his job, as it gave him a great sense of achievement. I would always ask him lots of questions about how to be a good teacher.

  Example two:Accountant 會計

I didn’t know about it until my older cousin became an accountant when I was in middle school. She came to me excitedly and told me lots of details about her job. Whenever we hung out, she would always tell me stories. Now I am also learning accounting at my university.

  Example three:Investor 投資人

I didn’t know about it until my friend highly recommended the profession to me when I was a freshman. She told me the job was very promising and how she found it interesting meeting people from all walks of life. It really triggered my curiosity and now I am looking into becoming an investor.

  Example four:Streamer 主播

The first time I heard about it was about 3 years ago. At the time, live streaming had gone viral overnight and becoming a streamer was the hottest job. It caught my attention and I read all about it. Now I am trying to become a streamer.

  03

  What people do in the job

  這道“What”類的問題直接對應的角度是“Role”,我們需要從具體的工作職責中拆分“主次”或“時間線”。在“時間線”的闡述中,我們可以強調工作難度逐漸加大,要求越來越高;除此之外,你也可以表達對這份工作前后認知的差異。

  如果你選擇的職業專業性有點高并且你不知道如何作答的話,我的建議是先百度或者Google相關的英文介紹,接著你就可以把內容整理一下,選取自己比較容易闡述的部分即可。

  按主次拆分

  Example one:Model agent 模特經紀人

A model agent has many tasks to do. The most challenging part of the job is finding potential customers and models. It is a very competitive industry, so they have to work hard to establish relationships with fashion companies, advertisement agencies and so on. They also need to assist models at photoshoots or casting calls 試鏡 or for runway shows 走秀.

  Example two:PR officer 公關

PR officer play an important role in building and maintaining a positive public image. In order to be recognized and known by more people, they need to have and keep a good relationship with journalists. PR officer also need to deal with any negative press about a company and eradicate it as soon as possible.

  按時間線拆分

  Example one:Investor  投資人

At first, I thought being an investor would be easy as you just have to invest money into suitable companies. However, after looking into it, I realized that there are so many things you need to know and that actually the job requires a lot of different skills.

  You need to do lots of research into various kinds of markets and investments. You also need to work closely with each company offering them support and guidance.

  Example two:Teacher 老師

  Becoming a teacher is much more challenging than before. In the past, the main duty of a teacher was to teach students how to understand and solve problems.

Nowadays, the most important thing for a teacher to do is to focus on the whole development of a student. Teaching them to simply pass the exam is not enough, They should guide and mentor students and prepare them for life.

  04

  What it is

  《不想從事的工作》第一小問的主要拓展點是“Popularity”和“History”,如果你想要偷懶你可以直接搬用內容到這個話題里。當然除了這兩個角度以外,你還可以嘗試下其他的拓展角度。

  Salary 工資

  有意思的工作并非都是高薪,它也可能工資不高。

  Example one:

  I would like to be an investor, one of the most interesting jobs that I know about so far. It is regarded as a decent job with a high salary. I think investors enjoy a high quality of life.

  Example two:

  I think a PR specialist would be an interesting job. It doesn’t really pay much when you start out, but if you put the work in, you can climb the ladder quickly and then earn lots of money.

  Qualification 資歷

  有趣的工作可能需要高學歷,也有可能它沒有太多資歷上的要求。

  Example one:

  I would like to be a streamer 主播 in the future, as I think it looks very easy and interesting. You don’t need to have a high school degree or any specific qualifications. You just need to be confident in front the camera and make entertaining shows.

  Example two:

  I would like to be a product manager. It is one of the most interesting jobs that I know, but being a product manager is not that easy. You have to have specific training and a lot of work experience.

  Number of Jobs 崗位數量

  有些有趣的工作崗位充裕,有些則競爭激烈。

  Example one:

  I would like to be an accountant. Even though some people see it as a boring job, I think it is quite interesting. For me, being an accountant would be easy and it is not that competitive like other jobs.

  Almost all the companies in the world need accountants, so I would never have to worry about finding a job.

  Example two:

  I would like to be a head hunter. It is a very interesting job but it’s also very competitive. It is very hard to find a position, so you really need to be outstanding to get a job.

  通過對以上四小問的講解,現在你可以完成屬于你自己的話題啦。

  參考答案:【完美的工作】

  What it is

  If it is possible, I would like to be a product manager 產品經理, as I think it would be a very interesting job. With the development of the Internet, it has become very popular and in-demand 非常需要的.

  Almost all the internet companies need product managers. However, not everyone is qualified to do the job. You need to have specific qualifications and work experience.

  How you know about it

  The first time I heard about the job was when my friend introduced it to me. At the time, he was training to be a product manager.

  I had never heard about it before but when he explained to me what is involved I was quite surprised. It is actually a really creative job, so I decided to search for more information about it online.

  What do people do in the job

My understanding is that product managers play a vital role in any project. They have the creative vision to get the product off the ground. They know clearly how the project will work and all the necessary steps that need to be taken in order to achieve the goal.

  They also have to have excellent communication skills as they have to collaborate with many different departments within the company to ensure everything runs smoothly.

  Why you think it is perfect

  I think being a product manager would be a perfect job, as it allows you to turn your ideas into reality.

  For example, my friend is a product manager working for a big international company. He had an idea to get everybody moving and change their sedentary lifestyle. He created “WeRun”, an add-on program for WeChat.

It was a huge hit and changed many people’s lives. Nowadays people use it all over the country to monitor how many steps they take everyday. Can you imagine everyone in the country using an app you have designed?

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